Huit indicateurs à surveiller pour garder à l'œil sa santé cardiovasculaire. © domaine public

Follow these 8 health indicators to have a healthy heart!

L’American Heart Association takes stock of the indicators to follow for a healthy heart. The recent update to your tracking tool now incorporates sleep, among other improvements!

Maintaining a healthy heart depends both on environmental factors, linked to our way of life, and on biological factors that are more difficult to control. L’American Heart Association has created a tool for patients that allows them to estimate their cardiovascular health based on seven historical indicators, and a newly added eighth: sleep.

The new time metric sleep reflects the latest scientific findings: sleep affects overall health, and people who have a healthy sleep pattern have better weight control, Pressure blood and the risk of diabetes type 2 declared the president of theAmerican Heart Association (AHA), the cardiologist Donald M. Lloyd-Jones.

In addition to adding sleep, the tool, I call Life Essentials 8™, has undergone a global update. In fact, the first seven indicators were established in 2010. After more than ten years of scientific advances and several thousand studies on cardiovascular health, some of them had become obsolete. Four of the original indicators have been revised in light of the latest clinical recommendations. The tool gives a score out of 100 to the patient after a questionnaire about her habits, and her medical follow-up can be used after two years. The eight monitored indicators are divided into two groups: behavioral factors -lifestyle- and biological factors.

The four habits of life to take care of our heart

Among the behavioral factors monitored are:

  • sleep: the duration seven to nine hours is recommended for adults, ten to sixteen hours for children under 5 years of age, and eight to twelve hours for children 6 to 18 years of age;
  • exposure to nicotine : with update including the Electronic cigarettes. Exposure to secondhand smoke is also included;
  • diet: the ideal diet for eyes of the AHA is the Mediterranean diet;
  • physical activity : It is measured by the number of minutes practiced per week. The ideal is 150 minutes (two and a half hours) of moderate activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity per week for adults, and 420 minutes (seven hours) for children 6 years and older.

The four biological data to monitor from our heart

Biological factors include:

  • BMI : an imperfect indicator but quite easy to use;
  • lipids in the blood (The functions of cholesterol
    It enters the composition of cell membranes and stabilizes them. In the human body, cholesterol is the precursor to steroid hormones…” data-image=” /midioriginal /8/d/9/8d9af925e3_50034229_cholesterol-dr -02.jpg” data-url=”” data-more=”Read more” >cholesterol and triglycerides): with the update, now only tracks the “bad” cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) instead of total cholesterol;
  • the sugar in the blood ;
  • blood pressure: a rate of 120/80 mm Hg is considered optimal.

A constantly improving tool

A final score below 50/100 indicates poor cardiovascular health, between 50 and 79, moderate cardiovascular health, and from 80, good cardiovascular health. These indicators give a good overview of the patient’s health, but cannot be exhaustive. L’American Heart Association is aware that socioeconomic factors need to be taken into account and are still missing from the tool. A mental health frail, limited access to health care, a low level of education and racism can be a source of stress which also damages the heart.

We carefully considered social determinants in our update and concluded that more research on this component is needed to establish its measures and include them in the future. concludes Donald M. Lloyd-Jones.

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